Covid-19 increased the risks of several public health issues. Vaccines are also showing side effects. The SOPs followed by the public somehow managed to control the pandemic spread but gave birth to the concern of rise in public health issues. In this blog post, major public health issues caused due to the pandemic are discussed briefly. Before proceeding, you should understand the term “Public Health Issues”. It characterizes CDs and emergency health issues ranging from coronary heart diseases to infectious diseases. To overcome public health issues, the health supervisor launched Public Health Programs. 

Public healthcare systems are more vulnerable to weakness due to the stress caused by the pandemic. COVID-19 gave birth to many chronic issues in public healthcare across the globe and US especially. 

In Japan, due to COVID-19 SOPs, various issues occurred in the healthcare sector. It was reported that due to creating more space between beds, 30% of the patients were rolled out of the wards. When violence-related cases spiked in the country, the hospitals offered no vacant space to accommodate these patients. It raised many challenges to the public health care system of Japan. Not only Japan but other nations were affected as well. Even the hospitals lacked space to occupy COVID patients. 

According to a report by ICRC, the people in prisons were vulnerable to the virus as they lacked ventilated spaces and purified water. Lockdown and SOPs regulation made it difficult for families to visit their relatives in the prisons. 

Psychological Health Issues

There existed many fatal diseases before COVID-19 but people were never that depressed or scared about any of them. Since covid-19 broke out, people felt anxiety, and cases of depression are reported now and then. GAD is the common anxiety type reported during COVID. Depression and anxiety were reported for different reasons, mainly social distancing, and 14-day isolation practice. 

Socialization was at its peak at the end of 2019, and when suddenly life stopped in the restaurants, parks, cafes, educational and entertainment institutes, people got depressed. People also faced behavioral health symptoms along with other psychological health issues. 

During the pandemic isolation period, the youth felt more attracted to social media and got distracted. Their cognitive abilities went disturbed and they encountered many mental health issues. One cause behind this was un-monitored exposure to online spam/violent/harassing content. It further leads to increased suicide rates among the young generation in different countries. 

Reasons multiplied, including unemployment issues due to COVID closing business and educational institutes. Spike in psychological health-related cases was noticed in many developed and undeveloped countries. 

Drug overdoses

Before the treatment for COVID-19 was discovered, people were treated for the symptoms. Due to 14-day isolation periods, psychological drug overdose is reported. People intake panadol in high quantity considering it a perfect solution to fever. As the COVID-19 is growing, drug overdose issues are reported maximum in a country like America. It was reported in many regions that due to drug overdoses, the opioid crisis occurred as closed pharmaceutical industries lead to medicine shortages. 

Many researches were done on US residents to calculate the spike trend in mortality rates due to drug overdose in the pandemic. It was found that substance use and drug overdose issues spiked and the national emergency was announced in the US. If individuals appear with substance use disorder, then several challenges may be faced by both patients and doctors to treat them effectively. COVID recovery phase will also be disturbed. It is suggested that people using medicines for opioid use disorder should go for vaccination.

Preventable Infectious Diseases

When COVID-19 was spreading fast, lockdowns were implemented, and hence immunization programs were postponed. These immunizations include vaccines for measles and other such diseases. Due to COVID restrictions, and unavailability of enough space in hospitals, it became hard to diagnose and treat such infectious diseases as TB, HIV, and others. It was declared by WHO that ignoring children’s vaccines will result in serious consequences. These consequences can be more alarming than the epidemic. 

Due to advancements in technology, now an infection can travel to other regions in a day or 2 days because of transportations systems, human being attitudes, and urban climate. Due to the COVID outbreak, healthcare sectors ignored the threat of many infectious diseases including ebola. 

Food Insecurities

Due to COVID, businesses were ceased, and thus food supply was affected. Due to this, children experienced food insecurities. There are some other reasons as well. The main cause is that food is unaffordable for them. It leads to malnutrition issues and other nutrient-deficiency-borne diseases. It further affected the mental health of children and their physical growth. 

Legionnaires’ disease

Water purifying systems in commercial regions are closed due to pandemic restrictions, and hence waterborne diseases like Legionnaires’ diseases spread fast. As the industries are sealed for months, stagnant water may grow bacteria and further spread in the plumblines. Food habits in the pandemic changed much and, due to increasing unemployment rates and restrictions in food supply along lockdowns posed challenges to the food industry. In some countries, the NSL program is the affordable mean of food and, when schools were closed, those 30M students felt deprived of hunger. 

Alcohol use and Opioid Abuse

People are drinking more alcohol during COVID as the anxiety and stress among individuals are increasing. People are explaining the same cause of higher alcohol intake. QoL decreased among the public worldwide. Patients with pain and other injuries are more suspected of drug overdose and substance abuse issues. During the pandemic, many such cases are reported worldwide. An overdose of prescription opioids is fatal as if it is contaminated with illicit fentanyl. 

Take Away!

Concluding, pandemics not only disturbed routine life but also increased risks to many public health issues. People are more prone to fatal diseases as healthcare centers failed to comply with growing community healthcare needs. Most of the hospitals were transformed into COVID treatment centers and many patients died away miserably. It is the critical need of the time to evaluate these public health issues and, both public and government take steps to avoid death incidents. If public health issues will not be solved, it may raise alarming situations worldwide. 

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