Climax is a specific time for women, associated with a decrease in the functionality of the female reproductive system. There are no clear timeframes when this period starts. With a healthy lifestyle and absence of aggravating factors, a woman enters premenopause at the age of 45-50 years. As a rule, without following hormone replacement therapy, one cannot prevent or slow down the aging process. Thus, a complex body restructuring starts, and the usual rhythm of menstruation changes. Eventually, all this gradually leads to menopause – a complete stoppage of menstruation. As a result, a woman loses her ability to ovulate and reproduce. Apart from “disabling” the reproductive function, the climax has many other effects on female body.

Indications and Contra Indications

Intake of hormone medications may be both symptomatic and prophylactic, depending on the purpose of the therapy; if you need more data, visit to make sure you are well-informed on the issue. HRT can be used to fight with already existing symptoms of menopause, or to avoid the expected pathologies of the last stage of menopause (hypertension, osteoporosis, etc.).

Old women consuming medication and a doctor holding medicine


  • early menopause;
  • propensity to osteoporosis;
  • risk of heart and vascular pathology (hyperlipidemia, diabetes, hereditary predisposition);
  • already existing dysfunctions of the cardiovascular system;
  • diseases of the urogenital organs;
  • climacteric symptoms that disrupt the every-day life (frequent hot flashes, mood changes, insomnia, depression, etc.).

Timely hormone replacement therapy carefully selected by a gynecologist based on the physiological condition of the body performs a positive effect on health. It manages all possible and already existing manifestations of menopause. However, in the opposite case, if drugs are taken without the appointment of a qualified physician, this may lead to extremely unpleasant consequences: aggravation of climacteric symptoms, and appearance of chronic ailments.


  • high coagulability of blood;
  • neoplasms in the mammary glands, ovaries, or uterus;
  • cirrhosis of the liver;
  • diabetes.

How to Avoid Complications?

To reduce the risk of developing pathologies during HRT, a woman should visit her doctor on a regular basis for several years, and follow his recommendations precisely, even if it seems that there are no problems to worry about. Besides, it is also recommended to undergo medical tests each 6 months: biochemical blood analysis, general urine analysis, blood pressure measure, etc. If any deviations from the norm are detected, the hormonal preparations are discontinued; the doctor conducts a full examination of the woman’s body, and prescribes other medications.

How to Choose Therapy

Depending on the components, hormone replacement medications can be

  • homeopathic – the ones containing phytohormones produced from medicinal plants;
  • synthetic – medical preparations manufactured from various chemical components in scientific laboratories.

The dosage of hormonal agents depends on the way the active ingredients enter the bloodstream, and is decided on by a doctor evaluating health condition of the patient.