Panic disorder is a type of anxiety condition characterized by the occurrence of surprising and recurrent panic attacks. These attacks are usually extreme and followed by overwhelming anxiety, leading to a strong preference to get away from activities. Panic disease can be extremely disturbing, making it tough for individuals to interact in daily activities or social interactions.

Signs and symptoms of a panic attack

A panic attack occurs abruptly. Symptoms generally last for 10 minutes after they start and then disappear soon after. Physical signs and symptoms of a panic attack encompass:

  • Chest pain
  • Racing coronary heart
  • Difficulty breathing, together with hyperventilation
  • Trembling or shaking
  •  Chills
  • Nausea
  • Sweating
  • Itchy or coldness in your hands or toes

Check with your doctor if you are experiencing any of the signs and symptoms mentioned above.

What causes panic attacks?

Experts don’t recognize exactly why a few people experience panic attacks or other panic diseases. Your brain and anxious devices play key roles in how you understand and handle fear and tension. Experts concluded that amygdala disorders — the part of your brain that deals with fear and other emotions — may be the root cause of those conditions. They also believe chemical imbalances in gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), cortisol, and serotonin are plausible.

Your risk of having panic sickness increases when you have a series of relatives’ histories of anxiety issues, which, together with panic disease, frequently occur in households. You have a 40% enhanced risk of developing a panic disorder. It includes:

  • Family history: If one of your first-degree relatives (biological siblings, youngsters, or parents) has the condition
  • Mental health conditions: People who have anxiety disorders, despair, or other mental fitness conditions are additional victims of panic attacks.
  • Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs): ACEs are bad past histories that take place between the ages of 1 and 17. These experiences played a major role in these attacks. ACEs can contribute to the development of panic attacks and panic disease.

Diagnosing Panic Disorder

To diagnose panic disorder, a fundamental evaluation of signs and medical records is essential. A medical professional will examine the frequency, intensity, and impact of panic attacks on daily functioning. Before reaching a final diagnosis, any medical disorders that can cause comparable symptoms will be ruled out. 

Treatment Options

Effective treatment options for panic disorder include a combination of medical treatment and personal care. The primary strategies for treatment are medications and remedies. Often, a combination of each proves to be most beneficial. It is important to consult a healthcare professional to decide on the most suitable medical plan. Other options include:

1. Medications 

The symptoms of panic disorder can be managed with medication, which may also reduce panic episodes’ intensity and frequency. Typically, prescribed medications include benzodiazepines, tricyclic antidepressants, and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). However, it is normally required to take medication under the guidance of a trained medical practitioner.

2. Behavioral Therapy 

Therapy is an important aspect of panic disorder treatment. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is broadly recognized as an effective healing approach. CBT enables individuals to observe and work on negative thought patterns, develop management techniques, and, step by step, face panic situations. Other healing strategies, along with CBT therapy and relaxation strategies, may also be applied.

3. Managing Strategies

In addition to professional medication, people with panic disorder can adopt numerous management techniques to control their symptoms and enhance their lives. Some powerful management techniques consist of deep respiration, physical games, mind-relaxing meditation, normal physical exercise, maintaining a healthy lifestyle, and looking for help from loved ones.

4. Lifestyle Changes

Certain lifestyle adjustments could have a valuable impact on handling panic disorder. Avoiding or limiting the intake of caffeine, getting enough sleep, maintaining a balanced food plan, and training pressure control techniques are all essential lifestyle elements to bear in mind. Taking care of one’s physical and emotional well-being is critical for managing panic disorder effectively.

5. Support Systems

Building a strong support system is essential for individuals with panic disorder. Surrounding oneself with friends and family members can create an experience of comfort and security. Support activities or online communities of individuals who share similar reviews can also be very beneficial in dealing with panic disorder.

Preventing Panic Attacks

While it may no longer be practical to save you from panic attacks entirely, positive techniques can help lessen their frequency and depth. Regular practice of relaxation strategies, staying physically active, avoiding triggers when possible, and following the prescribed treatment plan can all contribute to minimizing panic attacks and their impact on daily life.

Can You Live a Normal Life With Panic Disorder?

Panic disorder can be challenging to live with, but it’s important to understand that it’s a disease that can be controlled. People with panic disorder are capable of enjoying happy lives with the right treatment, care, and assistance. It is important to prioritize mental health, search for medical experts to help when needed, and reserve open communication with healthcare institutions and loved ones.


Panic disorder is a challenging situation that can significantly affect a person’s lifestyle. However, with the right diagnosis, medication, and guidance, individuals with panic disorder can efficiently control their signs and symptoms and lead pleasant lives. It is important to seek help from a top psychiatrist, undertake healthy management strategies, and promote a secure assistance system. Remember, you are not alone on your adventure to overcome panic disorder.


1. Can panic disorder be cured completely?

While there’s no known therapy for panic disorder, it may be efficiently controlled with the proper medication and management strategies. Many individuals with panic disorder enjoy normal development and lead pleasant lives with the help of therapy, medicines, and lifestyle modifications.

2. Are panic disorders and agoraphobia related?

Panic disease and agoraphobia regularly coexist. Agoraphobia is a fear of being in conditions or locations where breaking out is probably hard or embarrassing, including crowded areas or unfamiliar environments.

3. Is panic disorder a hereditary condition?

There is evidence to suggest that panic disorder can also have a genetic component. Individuals with a family history of panic disorder or other tension problems can be at greater risk of developing the condition. However, genetics alone do not determine the occurrence of panic issues, as environmental and psychological elements also play significant roles.